Vaginitis (vaginal inflammation) presents with a broad range of symptoms, including abnormal vaginal discharge, pain, and irritation. The most common causes of vaginitis are bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VC), and trichomoniasis. Identifying these vaginal infections is important for selecting treatment which is specific to the causative organism(s). However, the symptoms of vaginitis are nonspecific and overlapping and many women with vaginitis have coinfections.
Om Diagnostic Labs advanced molecular tests are targeted to identify these gynecologic infectious pathogens leading to effective treatments for vaginitis.
These test are:
- Simultaneously detect multiple types of pathogens
- Simplicity of single sample collection
- Identify mixed infections and easy to differentiate pathogens in co-infection conditions
- Able to detect slow-growing, difficult-to-culture anaerobic infections
- Expedited patient results, Clear-cut within 24 hours of sample receipt
Bacterial Vaginosis: BV is the most common finding among reproductive-aged women with abnormal vaginal discharge and has an overall prevalence of 29% among US women. BV is caused by an imbalance of the vaginal flora characterized by depletion of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus species and overgrowth of many different anaerobic bacteria.
Om Diagnostic Labs comprehensive Bacterial Vaginosis/Aerobic vaginitis panel tests for various members of the Lactobacillus species, Mobiluncus sp, Megasphaera sp, Provotella bivia, BVAB2 and other bacteria.
VVC is a vaginal infection caused by the yeast Candida (Candida albicans being the most common) affecting up to 75% of women at least once in their lifetime. VVC is categorized as uncomplicated or complicated based on factors including non-albicans species, recurrence, severity, and host factors (eg, diabetes, pregnancy, immunocompromising conditions, immunosuppression therapy). Compared to uncomplicated VC, complicated VC (10%-20% of cases) has lower response rates to standard treatment.
Om Diagnostic Labs Vulvovaginal Candidiasis panel tests for 7 Candida species including C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. tropicalis and C krusei.